13th -15th February, 2015
Venue: Campus Law Centre, University of Delhi, India
CAMPUS LAW CENTRE, UNIVESITY OF DELHI
The Campus Law Centre (CLC) organised an International Conference in April, 2014, which witnessed the world wide participation from countries including Singapore, Italy, China, Indonesia, Mauritius, Nigeria, U.K , South Korea, Maldives, Bangladesh, Iran and Nepal. Inspired by the success of 2014 Conference, CLC proposes to hold , in 2015, an International Conference on Human Trafficking.
The Campus Law Centre, University of Delhi offering three year law degree, having a multi-cultural and multi-lingual student- body, is rated as one of the best law schools not only in India, but also in Asia. It is a deep rooted legal institution of par excellence having glorious past of 90 years and a bright future ahead. Responding to new developments in legal education, it keeps introducing new subjects and concepts to professionally designed courses of study to make it more socially relevant. Thus, it is not only maintaining the existing high standards of legal education, but is also raising it to further heights. Qualitative teaching, moot-court competitions, campus placements, legal- aid services, regular discussions, and illustrious alumni are some of the features which have established CLC as a Centre of Excellence.
ABOUT THE CONFERENCE
Human trafficking, unfortunately, is the fastest growing means by which people are enslaved, and one of the fastest growing international organized crime. Approximately 80 per cent of human trafficking is women and girls and up to 50% are minors.
In 1904, the International Agreement for the Suppression of “White Slave Traffic” was signed and put into action. The purpose of this agreement was to protect women, young and old, from being involved in “White Slave Traffic.” After the First World War, the League of Nations focused on international issues and the Suppression of “White Slave Traffic” was changed to “Traffic in Women and Children” so that everyone was included with no discrimination to race. The children of both genders were also recognized as victims of trafficking. In 1932, during World War II, Japan had set up a horrifying and outrageous system known as “comfort stations” where women all across Asia were forced into sexual slavery.
In 1995, the United Nations’s Fourth World Conference on Women at Beijing addressed the issue of trafficking of women. In this Conference, trafficking was recognized as an act of violence against women, and the concept of trafficking was further defined . In 2011, US President, Obama declared the month of January to be Human Trafficking Awareness month, and named January 11, 2011 as National Human Trafficking Awareness Day.
The first step by the United Nations to combat trafficking was the Protocol to “Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children”, and was implemented on December 25, 2003. It is the only international legal instrument addressing human trafficking as a crime. Thereafter, many continents and countries have enacted laws against human trafficking, but these laws are often vague in terms of what a country considers exploitation. Thus, the obstacles include a lack of monitoring, inadequate training, and a lack of coordination between anti-trafficking measures and the authorities.
In November 2004, the ASEAN Declaration against Trafficking in Persons Particularly Women and Children was adopted which reaffirmed the Ha Noi Declaration of 1998 and the Ha Noi Plan of Action. After the 2004 ASEAN Declaration Against Trafficking, numerous MOUs were signed amongst the ASEAN nations viz. MOU between Lao PDR and Vietnam ; between Cambodia and Thailand ; between Lao PDR and Thailand; between Myanmar and Thailand; between Cambodia and Vietnam; between Thai and Vietnam; between Myanmar and China, etc. However, despite all legal steps and agreements the organised transnational crime of trafficking continued and is presently the second largest organised crime. In May, 2005, the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was adopted, and came into force on 1st February, 2008. As of April, 2014, the Convention has been ratified by 42 of Council of Europe.
In India, thousands of Indians are trafficked everyday to some destination or the other and are forced to lead lives of slavery. They survive in brothels, factories, guesthouses, dance bars, farms and even in the homes of well-off Indians, with no control over their bodies and lives. Besides, Article 23 of the Constitution of India which prohibits traffic in human beings and other similar forms of forced labour (a fundamental right granted to citizens of India), the Government of India has enacted in 1956 the Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act (SITA) and renamed in 1986 as the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act (ITPA). Various other central laws of the country also contain provisions in this regard.
Despite all round efforts-international, regional and domestic, is unable to alleviate this woes of modern slavery particularly the woes of women and children. The poor countries owing to its poverty and poor economic status among the improvised sections of the society can be easily targeted with no defence against this organised crime. Law as a tool of social engineering has the force to alleviate this organised crime against society and humanity. Thus, it necessitates consideration of the progress and effect of various agreements, conventions, MOUs, law, policies and statutes at various levels: international, regional and domestic.
Against this backdrop, Campus Law Centre, university of Delhi, a premier legal institution takes pride in organizing three day International Conference on “Combating Human Trafficking : With Special Reference to Women and Children ”. It will offer a unique opportunity to the academia, NGOs and policy makers to deliberate upon the issues to be discussed over there. The international and national experts are invited to deliberate upon legal and policy matters related to of monitoring, inadequate training, lack of coordination between anti-trafficking measures and the authorities,enforcement: investigation, enforcement: prosecution, public awareness, victim services and Research, technical cooperation among countries and international law enforcement agencies, etc.
Objective of the Conference
- To address and enhance prevention strategies through legal instruments;
- Law enforcement, detection, investigation and prosecution of traffickers;
- Strengthen the assistance and protection of human trafficking victims;
- Improve the identification, disruption and prosecution of human trafficking;
- Enhance national, regional and international cooperation and coordination to combat human trafficking;
- Rehabilitation, Reintegration and Repatriation of Trafficked Victims.
Call for Papers
In order to achieve the objectives of the Conference, the participants are invited to make critical analysis of International Human Trafficking Conventions, Treaties, Protocols and other instruments. In addition to Conventions/Treaties/Protocol based analysis of international human trafficking law, the participants are encouraged country-specific studies on success or failure of human trafficking law enforcement, detection of traffickers, investigation, prosecution of traffickers, cooperation between authorities, witness protection, training, education, rehabilitation, etc.
- Human Trafficking: Definition, Causes & Effects
- Forms of Human Trafficking
(i) Trafficking in women for sexual exploitation
(ii) Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC)
(iii) Child Sex Tourism (CST)
(iv) Forced labour, Bonded Labour and Debt Bondage
(v) Child Soldiers
(vi) Trafficking in organs
- International Conventions Pertaining to Human Trafficking
(i) The United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (1949)
(ii) The Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979)
(iii) The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, 2000, and the Protocols Thereto (i.e. The United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children & The United Nations Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea, and Air)
(iv) International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, 1990
(v) Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989
- Regional Institutional Legal Framework
(i) SAARC Convention on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution, 2002
(ii) ASEAN Declaration against Trafficking in Persons Particularly Women and Children, 2004
(iii) African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights of 1981
(iv) African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child of 1990
(v) The Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, 2005
(vi) Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1988
- Trafficking, Trade and Migration
- Religious, Traditional Practices and Ritual Servitude
- Role of NGO’s, Civil Societies, Administrative Machineries, and police in combating Human Trafficking
- Rehabilitation of Trafficked Victims: Challenges
- Comparative / Domestic Human Trafficking Law
Constitutional and Legislative Provisions
Role of Judiciary
Papers are invited on any of the above themes. The list is not exhaustive. The themes that are not covered above, but have relevance in combating human trafficking through law may also be submitted. Only fifty papers will be selected for presentation at the Conference. The abstracts/papers will be selected on a competitive selection process. The selection criteria inter alia will be: relevance to the broad theme; quality of the abstract, geographical diversity of presenters etc. The abstract of paper should be approximately 500 words. It should indicate:
- Title of Papers
- Theme of Conference
- Sub-theme of Conference
- Presenter’s brief description, on a separate page, including name, designation, educational qualification, professional status and experience in not more than 300 words.
Abstract should be sent to email@example.com
The deadline for submission of abstract is December 25, 2014, 2300 hrs Indian Standard Time
Guidelines for Paper Submission
(applicable to presenters whose abstracts would have been accepted )
- Author’s Title & Name, University/Organization, Paper Title and Email Address to be stated clearly on the cover page of the paper.
- The paper should consist of 5,000- 8,000 words, inclusive of footnotes.
- Font – Times New Roman; Size 12 for Text, 10 for Footnotes
- Line spacing -1.5 for text and single for footnotes
- Microsoft Word Document Format
- Papers to be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org by January, 30, 2300 hrs India Time
- For citation and references, “Indian Law Institute, Rules of Footnoting” should be followed. Authors may visit freely accessible website of Indian Law Institute http://www.ili.ac.in/footnoting12.pdf
The language of presentation will be English. Each speaker will be allocated a maximum of 20 minutes to present his or her paper. The presentation venue is equipped with a computer and LCD projector. Speakers who wish to use Power point slides to present their papers should save their slides onto a USB drive for this purpose.
Number of Participants
The participants of the Conference will be from India and Abroad. The number of participants including paper presenters shall not be more than one hundred. Non presenters will be selected on first- cum- first basis
In addition to select paper presentations, eminent persons from India other parts of the world such as Professors, Judges, lawyers, Representatives from International Organizations, Think Tanks, NGOs etc are specializing and working on national and international climate change law shall address the audience.
Publication of Papers
Selected papers would be considered for publication in the form of a book.
Professor (Dr.) Usha Tandon
Campus Law Centre
University of Delhi
Phone and Fax +91 11 27667895