Having laws is one thing and knowing them is another. What is required is implementation of the existing laws and their awareness to the needy. Women who are unaware of their rights cannot claim for them. Hence it is necessary to spread awareness among them, so that no one can exploit them. Provided below is a list of laws which every women should be aware of :
- Free Legal Aid
Often, women go to the police station unaccompanied by a lawyer to get their statement recorded, and they stand the risk of being misquoted or their statement being tampered with. The police may also treat the entire episode lightly and not lodge an FIR. Hence it is her right to get free legal aid.
- Women can lodge complaints through Email
If for some reason a woman can’t go to a police station to lodge complaint, then she can send a written complaint through an email or registered post addressed to Deputy Commissioner or Commissioner of Police.
- No arrest can be made after sunset
Many cases of harassment by police officials have been reported and majority of such incidents took place at night time. Hence Supreme Court has held that “A woman can’t be arrested after sunset and before sunrise.”
- You can’t be called to the police station
It is not mandatory for a woman to be physically present at the police station for interrogation. Section 160 of Criminal Procedure Code provides them this immunity.
- Doctor can’t decide solely in a rape case
A case of report cannot be dismissed even if a report is given by a doctor that rape has not been committed.
- It is your right to claim maternity benefits
Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 regulates employment of women during pregnancy. It entails them to various maternity benefits which no employer can deny.
- Every office should have Sexual Harassment Complaints Committee
It is duty of every employer to create a sexual harassment complaints committee within the organisation for complaints. As per ruling of Supreme Court “It is mandatory that this committee is headed by a women and must comprise of 50% women as members”
- Your name can’t be revealed in a rape case
Identity of the victim cannot be revealed in a rape case. Neither police nor media can bring the name in public. Section 228-A of the Indian Penal Code makes the disclosure of a victim’s identity a punishable offense.
Submitted by : Nishit Shah
Information Courtesy : http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/relationships/man-woman/10-legal-rights-that-women-should-know/articleshow/50742542.cms