The crime of trafficking in persons is carried out by different types of traffickers, ranging from individuals exploiting their partners to organized criminal groups operating across national borders.
Trafficking in persons is usually thought of as a “Transitional Organized Crime”. And indeed, many trafficking outfits meet their criteria of transitional organized crime groups as spelled out in the United Nations Conventions against Transitional Organized Crime.
Aspects of the crime are often committed in different countries by criminals not necessarily hailing from the country where the crime was detected. These criminals may have organized themselves to a lesser or greater extent.
In some cases the complexity of the crime requires a high level of organization. In other cases, victims of trafficking in persons may have been trafficked by an individual trafficker operating in a local community.
In both cases, the profits that human trafficking can generate is the prime motivation for the criminals, and exploiting other people can be lucrative. Just as profit potential is an important consideration for most legitimate businesses, so it is for traffickers, who have a strong financial incentive to operate where profits are high.
Broadly speaking, this means that traffickers will often choose to carry out the exploitation in a location where this will be more profitable. At the same time, traffickers also have to take into account costs and the risk of detection, which tends to increase as more territory and international borders are traversed. A glimpse of the world statistics in percentage published by United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in “A Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2014”. The 2014 TIP report states the poor record of prosecution in the region by all countries. In 2013 only 7,124 offenders were identified. 1,904 were prosecuted and 974 were actually convicted.
This is in the backdrop of the fact that there are over 12000-50000 women and children who are trafficked into India every year, according to estimates by several NGO’s.
Over 300000 children are involved in begging. A very large number of children are involved in forced labour in various industries.
Dates of the Conference :-
25th & 26th November, 2017
Venue of the Conference :-
Rabindranath Tagore Centre, Indian Council for Cultural Relations(ICCR), Kolkata
About the Conference :-
Kolkata Mary Ward Social Centre- Loreto in association with The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Indian Council for Cultural Relations, Justice and Care & International Justice Mission will be hosting a two day international conference on Anti-Human Trafficking.
Human Trafficking, is one of the principal human rights concerns in South-Asia and is also a global concern.
Anti-Human Trafficking initiatives require concerted actions between law enforcement agencies, social workers, civil society organizations and other instrumentalities of the state.
For many years, these different actors have been working within their domains to study the problems and arrive at solutions. There has however, been, very limited interactions between these set of actors.
The conference aims to bring them together on a single platform to facilitate exchange of ideas, sharing of experiences and setting the agenda for further action.
The conference calls for papers from Activists, Researchers and Practitioners on the issues identified below:-
Commercial sex trade human trafficking: trends, issues and challenges
Unsafe migrations, armed conflicts, displacements and human trafficking.
Trafficking in climate change, disasters and forced movements scenarios
The internet, technology and trafficking: challenges, concerns and opportunities
Justice for survivors: rehabilitation and re-integration (theory and practice)
Children in conflict with law and the trafficking apparatus.
Combating human trafficking: legal responses and challenges.
The role of NGOs and CSOs in anti-human trafficking efforts: experiences and challenges.
Sharing of best practices models in South-Asia.
Submission Procedure :-
Interested participants are to send their abstracts (not less than 500 words) to the address firstname.lastname@example.org
On or before 15th August, 2017.
Accepted abstracts will be notified on or before 31st August, 2017.
The complete papers must reach us on or before 20th October, 2017.
For more information :- http://kolkatamarywardsc.org/international-conference/call-for-papers/