This Course is designed for law students and budding corporate lawyers who want to fine-tune their contract drafting skills and understanding of contractual interpretation. The Course presents a unique blend of:

  • theoretical aspects of contractual interpretation;
  • practical aspects of drafting commercial contracts, and
  • enforceability aspects of various contractual clauses before the Court of law, with the help of relevant case laws and illustrative examples.

The entire Course is based on hands-on experience of our founder and mentors currently working at some of the most reputed corporate law firms in India.    

The course is divided into four parts-

  1. Principles of Contractual Interpretation: This part of the Course deals with the important principles of contractual interpretation with the help of various case laws from India and common law countries.
  2. Grammatical and other important rules for Construction of Sentences in a Contract: This is one of the very crucial components of contract drafting without which all your efforts to draft a contract may be rendered futile or sometimes even counterproductive. This section of the course is intended to polish your legal writing skill and introduce you to  some of the standard practices used throughout the world for drafting commercial contracts.
  3. Drafting Standard Terms and Conditions of a Contract: In this part of the Course, we introduce you to all the standard clauses which are mostly used in a contract. We have also provided different alternatives for these standard terms, their commercial and legal implications, and to what extent such terms can be enforced before a Court of laws citing examples from the landmark judgments in India and UK.
  4. Drafting of Commercial Contracts. This part of the Course will help you learn how you should go about drafting a particular type of contract. Each chapter in this part provides a checklist for drafting the contract, sample clauses and then explains each clauses by using illustrative examples extracted from the original contracts.

Why You should Subscribe to this Course.

The idea of drafting a contract with a given template or sample agreement readily available on the internet may sound very easy to a fresh law graduate or even a layman trying to draft an agreement without seeking professional advice in order to cut the cost. However, drafting a contract requires pure application of mind, understanding of legal and commercial implications, striking a balance between the interests of the parties and above all, sound knowledge of relevant laws and judgments affecting the enforceability of the clauses. A contract drafted without these considerations is simply a mechanical exercise resulting in a shoddy draft serving no purpose for the parties when the contract is challenged before the Court of law. A mechanical copy-paste job may get you in serious trouble and ruin your career as a corporate lawyer. Therefore, when you draft an agreement, it is very important to be aware of how a judge might interpret the terms of that agreement or how the terms have been interpreted so far through various judgment over a period of time.

Further, participating in rounds of negotiations, customizing the draft to make it more favourable to one’s client, and revising the draft multiple times to suit the needs and demands of all the concerned parties, is what differentiates a perfect draft from those standard templates and sample agreements.

Furthermore, a seemingly standard clause may not always be the standard. There might be deceptive divergent of the standard clauses which can easily skip your attention, if you just follow a template. Therefore, in order to avoid any kind of dispute, a smart lawyer would always draft a contract without any loose ends, i.e. a contract which will not be subject to multiple interpretations or containing conflicting terms.

The present course aims to give you a very comprehensive understanding of standard clauses in a contract and their interpretation. In addition, it also offers you several drafting techniques for these terms which you can use to suit your need and tweak the interpretation.


Chapter-1 Interpretation of Contracts

  • Contractual Interpretation
    • Contractual Interpretation vis-a-vis Statutory Interpretation
    • Relevance of Contractual Interpretation
    • Approaches to Contractual Interpretation
  • Fundamental Rules for Interpretation of Contracts
  • Pre-contractual Documents
    • Antecedent Agreements
    • Draft Agreements and Term Sheets
    • Parol Evidence Rule
    • Exceptions to the Parol Evidence Rule
    • Entire Agreement Clause
  • Importance of Deleted Words
  • Implied Terms
  • Business Efficacy Test
  • Specific Provision vis-à-vis General Provision
  • Harmonious Construction of Contractual Terms
  • Liberal Interpretation of Contracts
  • Placement of Clauses in a Contract

Chapter-2 Grammatical Rules for Drafting of Contracts

  • Approach to Contract Drafting
  • Sentence Construction
  • Avoiding Redundancy
  • Common Grammatical Errors
  • Punctuation
  • Use of Archaic Words
  • Common Homonyms Used in Drafting Contracts
  • Drafting Tips

Chapter-3 Term Sheet, Parties, Recitals, Definitions & Interpretation

  • Term Sheet
  • Difference between MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) and an Agreement
  • Cover Sheet, Table of Contents, Numbering & Cross-referencing
  • Title & Introduction
  • Recital
  • Lead-in
  • Definitions Clause
  • Interpretation Clause

Chapter-4 Representation, Warranties & Disclaimer Clause

  • Representations and Warranties
  • Disclaimer

Chapter-5 Indemnification & Limitation of Liabilities

  • Indemnity
  • Limitation of Liabilities & Exclusion Clause
  • Remedies

Chapter-6 Confidentiality, Non-compete and Non-solicitation Clause

  • Confidentiality & Non-disclosure
  • Residual Clause
  • Non-compete Clause
  • Non-Solicitation Clauses

Chapter-7 Intellectual Property Rights Clause

  • Drafting Intellectual Property Law Clause
  • Pre-existing or Background Intellectual Property
  • Exclusive vs. Non-exclusive Rights
  • Assignment of Intellectual Property
  • Licensing of Intellectual Property
  • Assignment of IP vs. Licensing of IP
  • Representations on Intellectual Property
  • Warranties on Intellectual Property
  • Indemnity for IPR Infringements & Limitation of Liabilities
  • Standard Clauses
  • Drafting Tips

Chapter-8 Dispute Resolution Clause

  • Dispute Resolution Clause
  • Arbitration
    • When to Put an Arbitration Clause
    • Arbitration Clause: A Separate Agreement?
    • Constituents of Arbitration Clause
    • Sample Clause
    • Arbitration Clause & Territoriality
    • Abandonment of Right to Arbitration
    • Drafting Tips
  • Litigation or Arbitration?
  • Governing Law
  • Jurisdiction

Chapter-9 Termination Clause

  • Contract without Termination Clause
  • Types of Termination Clause
  • Termination for Convenience
  • Termination for Cause
  • Material Breach & Termination
  • Consequences of Termination
  • Notice
  • Sample Clauses
  • Drafting Tips

Chapter-10 Miscellaneous Clause

  • Force Majeure Clause
  • Entire Agreement Clause
  • Severability Clause
  • Counterparts
  • Non-waiver Clause
  • Assignment

Chapter-11 Drafting Privacy Policy

Chapter-12 Drafting Terms of Use

Chapter-13 Website Development & Web Hosting Agreement

Chapter-14 Employment Agreement

Chapter-15 Agreement of Sale and Sale Deed

Chapter-16 Distributorship Agreement

Chapter-17 Drafting Loan Agreement

Chapter-18 Drafting Master Services Agreement

Chapter-19 Drafting Commercial Lease Deeds

Chapter-20 Drafting IP Assignment Agreement 


  • Any law student who is in the 2nd-5th year of 5 years’ B.A./B.Sc/B.Com LL.B course from a recognized law school or university;
  • Any law student in the 2nd-3rd year of 3 years’ LL.B course from a recognized law college or university;
  • Fresh law graduates and legal professionals;
  • Company Secretary;
  • Legal Manager;
  • Entrepreneurs/ Start-ups;
  • Head of Contract Administration & Management;


  • A total of 50 applicants will be confirmed on first come first serve basis upon successful payment of the applicable fee on or before the last date of enrollment, i.e. November 30, 2015 December 05, 2015..
  • The interested candidates can send their application by filling up the form provided below-


We incur certain unavoidable expenses in offering an online course on our web portal, viz. time and efforts of the professionals engaged for designing and reviewing the course content, mailing the course completion certificates, conducting telephonic doubt clarification session, general administration and several other hidden cost. Therefore, we have decided to offer this course on no-profit-no-loss basis. All you have to do is to pay a  nominal application fee provided below to enroll for this course.

Course Fee

  • Law Students: INR 750/-
  • Law Graduates/Legal Professionals: INR 1450/-

Once the application is received by us, a confirmation email will be sent to the candidate, upon which the selected candidate can pay the application fee to the following bank account-

  • Bank: Punjab National Bank (IIT Roorkee Branch);
  • A/c Holder Name: Ashutosh Kumar;
  • A/c No. 4044 0015 0005 1965;
  • IFSC: PUNB0404400.

After making the payment, kindly send a receipt/ challan/ screen-shot/ any documentary proof of the same so that we can confirm your application at the earliest.

A candidate discontinuing the course or failing to submit the assignments (evaluation test) will be automatically disqualified from the course upon which no fee shall be refundable to them.


  • Upon successful completion of the Course, the candidates will be issued a ‘Certificate of Completion’ within one week from the date of declaration of results.
  • Among the successful candidates of this course, top 3 candidates can also avail the opportunity to do either (a) 2 months’ online internship with Indian Case Laws, or (b) work as a Research Scholar at Indian Case Laws for 6 months.
  • Candidate securing the highest marks in the evaluation test will have the opportunity to get his research project (part of the evaluation test) published in International Journal of Legal and Social Sciences(ISSN 2394-1936).


The course will primarily consist of study material in the form of modules and reference materials for further reading. You may be required to devote 6-7 hours of study in a week. The Course is intended to be completed in a span of three weeks starting from December 10, 2015.

For your better understanding of the concepts in the modules, doubt clarification session will be open on Saturdays and Sundays falling between December 10 – December 31, 2015, i.e. on 12th, 13th, 19th, 20th,  26th and 27th of December.


At the end of the course there will be an evaluation test based on which the candidates will be issued a course completion certificate. The evaluation test will only include submission of one research project on the given topics in not less than 3000 words. The minimum qualifying percentage for clearing the tests is 60%.

CASH BACK: The first ten confirmed applications will be eligible for a cash back of Rs. 200/- on the application fee upon successful completion of the course. Similarly, the next ten (i.e. 11-20) confirmed applications will be eligible for a cash back of Rs. 100 on the application fee upon successful completion of the course. The refundable money will be credited to the mobile account of the qualifying participant.


  • Last Date for Enrollment:November 30, 2015 December 05, 2015
  • Course Duration: December 10 – December 31, 2015 (3 weeks)
  • Release of Topics for Evaluation Test: January 4, 2016
  • Last Date for Submission of Research Projects: January 31, 2015
  • Issue of Certificate: 1st week of February.

For further details, kindly contact us at +91 99807 80217 or send an email to indiancaselaws@gmail.com.


TeamResearch.in – India’s first professionally managed platform for lawyers and law students is drafting a Report on Law Schools in India. It would require 40-50 law students for collecting background information for the Report.

The duration of the assignment would be a week to ten days and if a student would like to contribute more, he/she can be engaged for a longer duration. Competitive remuneration will be paid to the selected students.

If you are interested, kindly drop an email with your college name, phone number and email id to contact@teamresearch.in and someone from TeamResearch will contact you soon.

Internship Opportunity at Dept. of Expenditure (Ministry of Finance)


Indian Nationals pursuing Post-Graduation Research Courses in Economics/Finance/Management and in the 4th and 5th year of five year integrated course in Law/any other professional course from Universities/Institutions of National and International repute.

  • Students pursuing post-graduate courses should have obtained a first class graduate degree;
  • Research Scholars pursuing courses in  Economics/Finance/Management should have obtained at least 50% in post graduation;
  • Students in 4th and 5th year of five year integrated course in Law should have obtained at least 80% in class XII examination.

PERIOD OF INTERNSHIP: 2-6 months at different point of time during financial year 2013-14

STIPEND: Rs. 10,000 payable at the successful completion of the internship



Interns would be attached to one of the DS/District level Officer in the different Divisions of the department keeping in views the area of their interest and as per the preference of that Division.


Send your applications along with your CV in the prescribed proforma to

Director (Admn.)

Dept. of Expenditure, Room No.76

North Block, New Delhi

APPLICATION DEADLINE: March 15, 2013 (for the month of April and May, 2013)

See more details here



Internship in the Department of Economic Affairs, New Delhi

ABOUT THE INTERNSHIP: The objective of the program is to familiarize the eligible students with the overall process of formulation of Economic policies of the Govt. at Macro Level. Department of Economic Affairs would assign selected interns specific areas of work related to procedures and economic laws  administered by the Department. The particular fields could be Capital Market, Economic Reforms at macro level, Exchange Management, FII, Inflation Management etc.


  1. Economics/ Finance/Management students possessing first class graduate degree or pursuing post graduation or having high second class post graduation degree and pursuing research
  2. 4th and 5th year students pursuing 5 year integrated course in Law with minimum 80% marks in 12th standard

DURATION: Six Months, during the financial year 2013-14 (excluding December to February)

STIPEND: Rs. 10,000 per month and a certificate at the end of the internship

HOW TO APPLY: Refer to the Department of Economic Affairs page for more details.

LAST DATE FOR APPLYING: 8th February, 2013

1st Edition of the NLS Law and Technology Legislative Analysis Competition, 2013


The NLS Law and Technology Committee is organising the 1st Edition of the NLS Law and Technology Legislative Analysis Competition, 2013. There are two bills for consideration:

  • The (Draft) Human DNA Profiling Bill, 2012
  • The (Draft) National Innovation Bill, 2008

The competition is an inter-college one and aims at providing an opportunity to the student community to participate in policy making activities, including researching and understanding the problems with various bills either pending in the Parliament or rejected.


  • The students with the best entries would be offered an opportunity to intern with PRS Legislative Research Organization (http://www.prsindia.org/aboutus/objectives/) and Centre for Internet and Society (http://cis-india.org/).
  • The best paper submitted would be considered for publication in the Indian Journal of Law and Technology (IJLT) at the Board’s discretion.
  • Prizes to be won: Rs. 5000 each for the best entry on either bill.


The participant is expected to submit a paper on either of the two bills analyzing the various issues (legal, economic, policy, etc) vis-a-vis the bills. The account should be a comprehensive one and originality would be weighed in the participant’s favour.

  • The word limit for the paper is 2500 words (to be followed strictly). The same would not include footnotes, bibliography, etc, and shall be applicable only to the main body of the submission. The font to be used is Times New Roman, size 12 and the line spacing should be 1.5
  • Any source resorted to has to be duly cited. Any mode of citation would be acceptable as long as uniformity is maintained throughout the paper.
  • The cover page of the submission must contain the name of the Bill being analyzed and should clearly state the exact word count of the main body.
  • Names or other individual identifiers of any of the team members or any indication of the college/university, must NOT be mentioned anywhere in the submission.
  • Any kind of plagiarism would attract immediate disqualification. The submissions would be subject to plagiarism-check mechanism.
  • Non compliance with any of the rules can lead to disqualification or deduction of marks.
  • Co-authorship is NOT allowed.
  • The entries have to be mailed at ltech.nls@gmail.com. The submissions have to be made in the PDF format. The subject of the email should be ‘Legislative Analysis Competition: Name of the bill analyzed’. The email must contain the Name of the Participant, College Name, Year and Contact Number.


The deadline for the submission of the paper is 28th February, 2013 (1700 hours IST). No submissions made after the deadline would be accepted.

Contact Person(s):

Mr. Jasraj Singh
Phone: +91-9620624632

Mr. Shivam Singla
Phone: +91-9916708701

Email: ltech.nls@gmail.comlawtech@nls.ac.in
Website: www.nls.ac.in

Christ University Law Journal: CALL FOR PAPERS


The Journals and Publications Society, School of Law, Christ University, invites contributions on contemporary issues of law from legal professionals, activists, academics and students for the second issue of its biannual peer-reviewed, Christ University Law Journal (CULJ), ISSN 2278-4322, to be published in January 2013.


 Articles: 6,000- 10,000 words (inclusive of footnotes)
 Case Comments and Book Reviews: 2,000-4,000 words (inclusive of footnotes)
 Legislative Notes: 1500-2000 words (inclusive of footnotes)



  •  All submissions should be double-spaced in font size 12 following the Times New Roman format.
  • One-inch margins should be left on both sides of the text and at the top and bottom.
  •  Authors are encouraged to submit their manuscripts in Microsoft Word Format and to use gender neutral language.
  • The manuscript must not bear any bear identification of any kind.

References and Citation:

  • The use of footnotes rather than endnotes is preferred, in size 10 following a line spacing of 1.5.
  • The style of citation should conform to The Bluebook: Harvard Law Review (19th edition).

Book Reviews:

  • All Book Reviews must embody all relevant information pertaining to the book being reviewed.
  • The Review must include: title of the book, name(s) of editor(s)/author(s), place of publication, name of the publisher, year of publication, number of pages of the book, and the price of the book.


The manuscript must be accompanied by an abstract, not exceeding 300 words, with five to eight keywords in the alphabetical order. Submission to the Journal has to be made by emailing a copy of the manuscript, along with posting a hard copy of the same to –

The Executive Editor, Christ University Law Journal,
School of Law, Christ University, Hosur Road, Bangalore 560029, Karnataka, India.

The electronic copy of the manuscript should be mailed to culj@christuniversity.in.

Covering Letter: All submissions, both hard and electronic copies, must be attached with a covering letter mentioning the name of the author, occupation, title of the manuscript, contact address and mobile number for future references.



  • Chahat Chawla: +918105003327
  • Sanya Jain: +919742174905
  • Devya Sharma: +919538082102


Information Courtesy: Girish Kalla, Seedling School of Law and Governance, Jaipur, National University, Jaipur